Sunday, May 24, 2020

Racial, Ethnic, And Socio Economical Disparities Of Mental...

Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Mental Health Treatment Paige S. Hogeland Denver School of Nursing Racial, Ethnic, and Socio-economical Disparities in Mental Health Mental health has been a recurring topic in present society and it is a very large section of health care in general. Health can be termed as an absence of disease, but it really is much more than that and should encompass every facet of the human, mind and body. The WHO defines mental health as a state of well-being in which an individual can function properly and productively, cope with life stressors, and contribute to community. Mental health is dependent on many factors, mainly social, biological, and psychological (WHO). A mental disorder is a condition of alterations†¦show more content†¦In 2012, the National Survey on Drug Use and Health reported an estimated 9.6 million adults in the United States had a Serious Mental Illness. Of this 4% of the population, 4.9% were female, 3.2% male. Race varies greatly with about 8.5% of the population being American Indian/Alaska native. Hispanics, whites, and tho se identifying as two or more races make up about 4.3% each. Black is 3.4%, Asian 2%, and Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander is 1.8% (Serious Mental Illness (SMI), 2012.). Of the individuals that have a mental illness, not all experience disparity in treatment access.. Mental disorders are largely undertreated in America in general by all races and backgrounds and now there is more awareness of this public health need (Kohn-Wood Hooper, 2014). In the past decade, disparities between whites and non-whites have increased, most notably between whites and Latinos and whites and blacks. There are numerous discussions on the possible explanations for this finding, a few being: limited access in the neighborhoods in which the population lives, socioeconomic status, treatment modality preference, and race/ethnic background of provider (Ault-Brutus Alexis, 2012). SMIs that go untreated are highly contributed to the development of other serious health concerns like obesity, diabetes, c ancer, cardiovascular disease, COPD, and many more (De Hert et al., 2011). Access to

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

The Security And Foreign Policy - 1302 Words

According to Hughbank and Githens (2010), today’s society is suspicious of intrusions on civil liberties. Random TSA searches, mandatory identity cards, etc. are not generally well received but are important. Thus, it is especially important to intercept terrorist and their resources before they have the opportunity to attack. Combining law enforcement and intelligence is the principal method of accomplishing this (Hughbank Githens, 2010). Intelligence is vital to homeland defense and security. The U.S. intelligence community (IC) has the responsibility of conducting intelligence activities that are necessary for conducting foreign relations and for the national security of the United States (â€Å"Intelligence Community†, n.d.). The†¦show more content†¦In the U.S. intelligence community, there are six primary theories of intelligence. Governance describes a form of intelligence that takes place as a result of a critical incident such as terrorism. Governmen t tends to achieve a more secured state through increased security, surveillance, and information gathering (Gill, 2007). Process intelligence refers to the seven step process that is the intelligence cycle. It can be a tool for identifying intelligence failures by actually looking at failures in the process. The intelligence theory set at the federal level is structure which describe their collaborative efforts with states such as the National Counterterrorism Center. The national-level information clearing house contains fusions centers for individual states to improve their own security (Gill, 2007). The theory of cooperation emphasizes the need for cooperation between intelligence agencies as information sharing on a nationwide basis continues to grow. Actors and ethics consider the professionals who work within the intelligence community and the standards of ethics that they must follow. The theory helps identify intelligence failures that happen because of groupthink, the fail ure to properly fuse or connect information, or mirror imaging (Gill, 2007). The last category of intelligence is oversight. This type of intelligence focuses on how intelligence is conducted internally and externally. Proper oversight is

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

British Responsibility After 1763 Free Essays

By around the turn of 1760s decade a great controversy arose in the British parliament over whether to maintain the sugar colonies of the Atlantic Caribbean Islands and forfeit Canada or vice versa. The later had the advantage of a wealthy fur trade, while as mentioned the former was promising in the sugar industry. However, all ended in 1763 by the historic signing of the Peace of Paris which saw the proponents of the Canadian option win. We will write a custom essay sample on British Responsibility After 1763 or any similar topic only for you Order Now Going by the terms of the treaty, Britain was to benefit from all colonies of North America formerly under France. The regions to the east of Mississippi down to Florida (acquired from Spain) were also declared a British possession as per the terms of the treaty. In as much as the treaty favored Britain, it is important to realize that the cost of maintaining her possession in this area was in turn inflated. The expenses of maintaining, governing and also defending imperial wealthy had a negative impact on the economy of the Britons. This realization had in contrast to the expectation of British policy makers who had thought that the American colonies will be self sustaining. It became expensive for the government of UK to maintain the defense troops in the Canadian soil. Therefore in response the government budgeted to maintain about 8000 troops in North America alone and this was to be maintained by an allotment of the cost of ? 400000. This responsibility proved a burden to the royal government which was already being overburdened by its defense and war plans. Following this, measures to increase revenue were taken and by the following year (1764) George Grenville, prime minister then, introduced an act in parliament, dubbed the sugar act aimed at spreading the burden of empirial maintenance to colonies. As expected the colonialists rose in protest against these measures because they envisioned them as a shifted burden. The French and Indian wars provided a major lesson upon which the British ministry based its policy making in the process of quelling the North American Indians. The Indians who were now becoming a nuisance to the British ministry maintained that that the Ohio state belonged to them. After 1763 the rising resentments in the Ohio prompted the British government to ban settlement in the region to the west of the Appalachians. Dominion Status: Before the year 1763, the empire meant nothing more than a trade region. It provided a wider market and also a source of valuables such as fur from India and Canada, rubber from Liberia of West Africa and sugar from the Caribbean. However, after 1763 it signified dominion as well. The acquisition of empire never came with massive wealthy acquisition as might have been expected. As previously mentioned it brought with it an array of problems in the areas of defense, administration and even finance. The aftermath of the seven years of war (1756-1763) the administration of the empire and ministers back in England agreed unanimously the supremacy of the legislative parliament should be elevetated to have powers to repeal laws of the empire at large. In addition to this, the strong relation in the empire should be strengthened to facilitate the colonial empire to pay for their maintenance. Augmentation of Imperial Army in Ireland: The imperial ideas of the government back in London were clearly envisaged in the proposition by the British parliament to augment Ireland based army. However, with effect of 1763 there arose a problem in the ‘garrison’ and maintenance of the army, especially in the far away colonies. According to the ministers of the government in London, Ireland had the least opportunity of providing soldiers and recruits to the imperial army. The period between 1763 and 1767 saw the empirial demand for soldiers increase and therefore a quick source for more soldiers had to be sought. The British general who was to approach Ireland to supply extra soldiers had in mind that any indirect rule through Ireland officials would not by any means succeed. This conclusion by Townsend was as a result of a long and protracted persuasion of the Irish parliament to accept on the proposal to release recruits to the colonial empire. It was clear that any colonial indirect rule through Irish governors had to be discarded and replaced by the colonial official from England. This last proposal was accepted by the Irish parliament. However, the new system only came with increased responsibilities in terms of military regiments after 1763. French and Indian War: The French and Indian wars brought about policy changes in the ministry back in England. The American revolution of 1760 was sparked off by this policy which had its major aim to collect taxes for the empirical governance. Others still suggest that Quebec Act, which was followed by the proclamation of 1763, the issue of the stamp act, Townsend activities and duties and also the tea act of Bolton are seen as the major contributor to the rapid turn of events by the British towards the governance of the empire. Others on this least are the major wars against Indians and France, which are said to have financially affected the British ministry. These issues defined the British approach in the vast North American colony from 1763 to the final dismal of the North American by the independence of America in 1776. Quebec Act of 1774: This act was meant to increase the civil governance in the newly acquired colonies of North America, but as it turned out the act provided in some way for the extension of the territory under the Quebec government to western side, a territory that had been relinquished by the France in 1763. It therefore meant that the act violated the rights the colonists back in Canada considered their natural birthright. References: 1. Anderson, Fred. Crucible of War: The Seven Years’ War and the Fate of Empire in British North America, 1754–1766. New York: Knopf, 2000. 2. Marshal, Peter. British Empire: The Cambridge illustrated history of the British Empire, Cambrigde University Press, 1999. 3. Cootes, John. Britain since 1700: Longman Secondary Histories, Longman Group Ltd, 1968. 4. Raimo, John W. Biographical Directory of American Colonial and Revolutionary Governors, 1607-1789. Westport, Conn. : Meckler, Books, 1980. How to cite British Responsibility After 1763, Papers

Monday, May 4, 2020

Theory of knowledge Essay Paper Example For Students

Theory of knowledge Essay Paper Discuss how using different methods of justification enables one to reach conclusions in ethics that can be supported just the same as those conclusions provided in mathematics By: Mariam Jamjoom Ms. Mahalia The two Areas of Knowledge (AOK) discussed here are Mathematics and Ethics where reaching conclusions and justification are the linking issues. Defining the key terms is an essential part in order to fully understand the question. According to Oxford Dictionary Ethics is a set of moral principles, especially ones relating to or affirming a specified group, field, or form of conduct and Mathematics is the abstract science of number, quantity, and space either as abstract concepts (pure mathematics), or as applied to other disciplines such as physics and engineering (applied mathematics). Methods of justification also need to be defined to be able to link conclusions found in ethics and mathematics to one another. We will write a custom essay on Theory of knowledge Paper specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now The four different Ways of Knowing (WOK) which are emotion, reason, sense perception and language can help us understand conclusions made in ethics and mathematics. However, in order to be able to justify those conclusions we need different types of justification methods in order to do so. The four methods of justification, identified by Michael Woolman, are justifying through logic, justifying using empiricism, justifying using memory and justifying with a reference of authority. In a vaguer sense the types of justification are basically either logical, physical or emotional justification. These methods of justification are all interrelated yet different according to the specific situation you are dealing with. Something that I found very interesting is that I consider both mathematics and ethics justified by the same method which is logic. When I thought of it in a deeper sense and tried to define logic when it comes to both subjects I did not get the same definition. To me logic in mathematics means that because there is a logical proof that derived that theory or mathematical formula hence that formula was justified using logic. However, when it comes to ethics even though they differ from one person to the other and from one group to another, whenever an ethical claim is made I justify it using a different kind of logic than the one I use in maths, here I look if this ethical claim has a logical justification and if it is parallel with my own religion and what I have been raised to believe, only then can I claim that this ethical example is a logical one when it comes to my opinion. I noticed that when I defined logic when it come sot both subjects I used deductive reasoning because I looked at the theory first then confirmed it after I observed it and looked back at the proof I then confirmed or justified it. The difference I am trying to explain is that even though we need substantially more evidence to justify a right mathematical formula after that justification is found it will be accepted by all or at least a large group of people. This differs when it comes to an ethical claim because both little or numerous justification will never lead to everyone accepting that ethical claim to be right or wrong. I do understand that when it comes to ethics there is more than one major division. Ethic absolutism and relativism are two of the major divisions that have been recognised globally and that are contradicting. Ethic absolutism implies that there is a right or wrong applicable universally while Ethic relativism implies that such a thing as right or wrong does not exist outside of the values of particular individuals or groups. Although I believe in relativism that does not mean that I do understand that absolutism can exist and is a valid argument. When it comes to ethics people are bias and intolerant because emotional justification will play a major role. Religion, culture, experiences and individual opinion play a large role when it comes to ethics more so than mathematics or any other subject for that matter. Furthermore, ethics are contextual where maths is the exact opposite. .u56905205a28eb11c7a3505db9cd3a7fa , .u56905205a28eb11c7a3505db9cd3a7fa .postImageUrl , .u56905205a28eb11c7a3505db9cd3a7fa .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u56905205a28eb11c7a3505db9cd3a7fa , .u56905205a28eb11c7a3505db9cd3a7fa:hover , .u56905205a28eb11c7a3505db9cd3a7fa:visited , .u56905205a28eb11c7a3505db9cd3a7fa:active { border:0!important; } .u56905205a28eb11c7a3505db9cd3a7fa .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u56905205a28eb11c7a3505db9cd3a7fa { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u56905205a28eb11c7a3505db9cd3a7fa:active , .u56905205a28eb11c7a3505db9cd3a7fa:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u56905205a28eb11c7a3505db9cd3a7fa .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u56905205a28eb11c7a3505db9cd3a7fa .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u56905205a28eb11c7a3505db9cd3a7fa .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u56905205a28eb11c7a3505db9cd3a7fa .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u56905205a28eb11c7a3505db9cd3a7fa:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u56905205a28eb11c7a3505db9cd3a7fa .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u56905205a28eb11c7a3505db9cd3a7fa .u56905205a28eb11c7a3505db9cd3a7fa-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u56905205a28eb11c7a3505db9cd3a7fa:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Polyethene EssayIn mathematics there are a set of rules that are always followed and even the exceptions of that rule are known globally and accepted after substancial evidence has been made to prove that in this application these values do not work or are not accepted. Further elaborating on how evidence or proofs are made in maths can be using the axioms that are very clearly stated in any pure mathematics or applied mathematics book where they allow anyone who understands them to reach the same conclusion or final answer if they are given the same mathematical problem. This is not found in ethics because although we know the effect of correctly applying a mathematical formula will always get you the right answer, there is always uncertainty when it comes to applying right or correct ethics. We can never know for sure what the effect of an ethical decision will be. The reason behind that is because we we do not have sufficiently well-defined ethical axioms as we do in mathematics. To conclude, I understand that the question I was given was not a yes or no question rather it was a question where I have to outline and discuss the ways in which ethics can be justified as it is justified in mathematics. I can not reach such a confusion or fully elaborate all the deep meanings of justification when it comes to both these subjects. But what I can do is tell you is that the factors that must be assessed when it comes to ethics and the criteria used to assess them are much more problematic and complicated than the ones in mathematics. Basically, ethics are rational, but can never be as concrete as the answers to math.

Saturday, March 7, 2020

Market elasticitys in banking industry

Market elasticitys in banking industry Introduction Elasticity of demand refers to the â€Å"degree to which quantity demanded changes due to a change in price or any other factors that influence the demand for the product† (Hall 2). There are three types of elasticity of demand which include price elasticity of markets, income elasticity of markets, and cross elasticity of markets.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Market elasticity’s in banking industry specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The banking industry generates its income mainly from charging interest rates when lending loans and mortgages, foreign exchange dealings, and other money market factors. Price Elasticity of Markets in the Banking Industry Price elasticity of markets refers to the degree of change in quantity demanded or supplied of a commodity due to a change in price of the commodity (Hall 10) The formula is: P.E.D = proportionate change in quantity demanded or supplied Prop ortionate change in price Price elasticity of markets in the banking industry influences such issues as foreign exchange, housing, mortgages and also issues of lending rates. For example, the housing industry consists of houses that are already in the markets for sale, and those buyers would be willing to purchase. Factors that influence the economy would influence the lending rates to be used. If there is an excess demand for the homes, prices would increase, as a result. Since people always purchase hoses, it makes the price elasticity to be highly elastic. When factors influencing the economy, such as inflation, grow, the lending rate has to be increased to discourage people from borrowing. The general prices would also increase due to the inflation, thus, lowering the quantity demanded.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Mortgage interest rates affect the price el asticity of houses. When the prices are low, consumers demand more homes since they don’t shy away from the prices that are offered. Price elasticity of markets influences interest rates, and would influence the monetary and fiscal policies. Interventions of monetary and fiscal policies may have an effect of a downturn or may boost the economy depending on the lending rates. Income Elasticity of Markets Hall describes income elasticity of markets as the responsiveness of the quantity demanded and supplied due to the change in the consumer’s real income while keeping other factors constant (p, 10). It is calculated as Y.E.D=proportionate change in quantity demanded Proportionate change in income The income elasticity of markets has an effect on the deposit and lending decisions of the economy. Households earning high incomes would deposit more in both the depository and non depository institutions. Factors of the banking industry influencing spending ability, such as ta xation and lending rates would have major influences. An increase in interest rates would stimulate more savings and people would spend less. Interest rates also have an effect on the cost of funding operating debt schemes, such as bank loans and mortgages. For instance, an increase in the lending rates will shift the funds of consumers towards the high mortgage and loan payments, and they would shy away from spending. Cross elasticity of markets Hall calls cross elasticity as the responsiveness of quantity demanded of a product x due to change in price of related product y. These products can either be substitutes or complementary (13). Consumers are increasingly choosing to obtain loans from non-depository institutions. According to the current statistics, only 41 % of consumer loans were taken from depository institutions. This shows the substitution effect of cross elasticity of markets (13).Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Market elasticity’s in banking industry specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Bibliography Hall, Pamela. Microeconomic Theory in Markets. New York: Penguin, 2009. Print

Thursday, February 20, 2020

An evaluation of ths social impact of tourism development in Essay

An evaluation of ths social impact of tourism development in manchester - Essay Example Tourism development starts with the construction of hotels, resorts, restaurants, shopping malls, beauty salons, maintenance of infrastructure, art galleries, museums, water parks and much more. Construction of all these spots is essential if any country wants to earn high revenues from the sector of tourism. Many countries have been famous for their tourism industry namely Rhodes island, France, Switzerland, Singapore, Manchester and Mauritius. In this paper our focus of discussion is Manchester. The tourist culture of Manchester offers tourists an opportunity to discover Manchester’s art and cultural scenes for which it has been and still is famous for. You can have an idea of its beauty and diverse culture scenes either by reading through different articles or by walking through the city. Most of the individuals visit this place because of its remarkable and endless and take with them unforgettable memories of their visit. Though, tourism industry is still going through dev elopment but then, that also serves as an additional aspect to its natural and incredible beauty. Positive and negative aspects of tourism: Tourism affects economy in many ways. Few of the positive aspects of tourism development on economy includes increase in employment, uplifting of economic growth, avoiding migration of local residents, helping in interchanging local products, ideas, costumes and developing a sense of conserving environment in local population as well as in tourists (web 1). Apart from this, visiting other countries helps in developing long term and cordial relations. It builds positive attitude and respect towards each other (Mirbabayev and Shagazatov, 2003). It also provides an opportunity to study and understand each other’s culture and traditions without destroying each other’s cultural heritage. It increases self-esteem of host country as well as of tourists and one attains psychological satisfaction through interaction. Apart from positive asp ects, tourism also affects economy negatively by increasing the consumption of ground, water and energy. Moreover, for the purpose of attracting more tourists huge attention might be paid to the development of new infrastructure that leads to the destruction of landscape (web 1). In addition to these, introduction of new species of plants and animals that might alter the ecosystem can be one of the reasons of tourism effecting economy adversely. Here, the focus of discussion is social impact of tourism development in Manchester. In order to analyze this topic in detail, semi structured interview was conducted, in which local residents were interviewed and the information collected helped researcher to probe into the minute details of the issue under study. Research strategy: Research strategy constitute of primary data collection and secondary data collection. For the purpose of carrying out this research, data was collected through primary source and the instrument used for data co llection is unstructured interview. Interview: An interview consisting of 15 questions was conducted in which local residents of Manchester were interviewed in order to evaluate their perception regarding social impact of tourism development in Manchester. Following are the questions that were asked from individuals: 1. What is your name, age and nationality? 2. To which income level you belong to? 3. For how long you have been living in